The Septuagint , the ancient and best known Greek version of the Old Testament, contains books and additions that are not present in the Hebrew Bible.
These texts are not traditionally segregated into a separate section, nor are they usually called apocrypha. Some editions add additional books, such as Psalm or the Odes including the Prayer of Manasses. Technically, a pseudepigraphon is a book written in a biblical style and ascribed to an author who did not write it.
In common usage, however, the term pseudepigrapha is often used by way of distinction to refer to apocryphal writings that do not appear in printed editions of the Bible , as opposed to the texts listed above. Examples  include:. Often included among the pseudepigrapha are 3 and 4 Maccabees because they are not traditionally found in western Bibles, although they are in the Septuagint. Similarly, the Book of Enoch , Book of Jubilees and 4 Baruch are often listed with the pseudepigrapha although they are commonly included in Ethiopian Bibles.
The Psalms of Solomon are found in some editions of the Septuagint. Since these are derived from the Septuagint, from which the old Latin version was translated, it follows that the difference between the KJV and the Roman Catholic Old Testaments is traceable to the difference between the Palestinian and the Alexandrian canons of the Old Testament.
This is only true with certain reservations, as the Latin Vulgate was revised by Jerome according to the Hebrew, and, where Hebrew originals were not found, according to the Septuagint. Furthermore, the Vulgate omits 3 and 4 Maccabees , which generally appear in the Septuagint, while the Septuagint and Luther's Bible omit 2 Esdras , which is found in the Apocrypha of the Vulgate and the King James Bible.
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Luther's Bible, moreover, also omits 1 Esdras. It should further be observed that the Clementine Vulgate places the Prayer of Manasses and 3 Esdras and 4 Esdras in an appendix after the New Testament as apocryphal. It is hardly possible to form any classification not open to some objection. Scholars are still divided as to the original language, date, and place of composition of some of the books that come under this provisional attempt at order.
Thus some of the additions to Daniel and the Prayer of Manasseh are most probably derived from a Semitic original written in Palestine, yet in compliance with the prevailing opinion they are classed under Hellenistic Jewish literature. Again, the Slavonic Enoch goes back undoubtedly in parts to a Semitic original, though most of it may have been written by a Greek Jew in Egypt. A distinction can be made between the Palestinian and the Hellenistic literature of the Old Testament, though even this is open to serious objections. The former literature was written in Hebrew or Aramaic, and seldom in Greek; the latter in Greek.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Collection of ancient books found in some editions of Christian Bibles. This article is about a class of books included in some Bibles. For other books generally excluded from Bibles, see Apocrypha. This article is about biblical books printed apart from the New and Old Testaments.
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For books whose inclusion in the Old Testament canon is controversial, see Deuterocanonical books. Canons and books.
King James Bible
Tanakh Torah Nevi'im Ketuvim. Christian biblical canons. Deuterocanon Antilegomena. Authorship and development. Authorship Dating Hebrew canon. Pauline epistles Petrine epistles.
Translations and manuscripts. Biblical studies. Hermeneutics Pesher Midrash Pardes. Allegorical interpretation Literalism. Gnostic Islamic Qur'anic. Inerrancy Infallibility. Main articles: Biblical canon , Christian biblical canons , Development of the Christian biblical canon , Protocanonical books , and Deuterocanonical books. Main articles: Luther Bible , Intertestamental period , and Luther's canon.
See also: Books of the Latin Vulgate. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. May This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Forward Movement Publications. Consultation on Common Texts.
Archived from the original PDF on 1 July Retrieved 19 August In all places where a reading from the deuterocanonical books The Apocrypha is listed, an alternate reading from the canonical Scriptures has also been provided. English Bibles were patterned after those of the Continental Reformers by having the Apocrypha set off from the rest of the OT. Send us feedback. See more words from the same year. Spanish Central: Translation of apocrypha.
Nglish: Translation of apocrypha for Spanish Speakers. What made you want to look up apocrypha? Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! A climate science term hits the mainstream. On common nouns and falling leaves. It was our duty to inform you. When equal coverage leads to uneven results.
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Apocrypha dictionary definition | apocrypha defined
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